Valeri Alexeevitch Legasov (em russo: Валерий Алексеевич Легасов; Tula, 1 de setembro de 1936 – Moscou, 27 de abril de 1988) foi um proeminente químico inorgânico e membro da Academia de Ciências da URSS (Atual Academia de Ciências da Rússia).. É lembrado principalmente por sua atuação como chefe na comissão que investigou o Acidente nuclear de … 56 in Moscow and graduated with a gold medal. His life was never the same. ", "Responsabilites Occidentales Dans les Consequences Sanitaires de la Catastrophe de Tchernobyl, en Bielorussie, Ukraine et Russie", "Western responsibility regarding the health consequences of the Chernobyl catastrophe in Belarus, the Ukraine and Russia", "Самые интересные книги - Легасов В.А. 56 in Moscow and graduated with a gold medal. [10]:261 He received the degree of candidate in 1967 and his doctorate in chemistry in 1972. Legasov issued a report to prevent a future nuclear disaster. Legasov was remembered how he “too frankly” mentioned Chernobyl. In the spring of 87, a new election to the scientific council of the institute took place. Legasov is portrayed by Ade Edmondson in the BBC docudrama Surviving Disaster (2006), by Adam Curtis in his documentary series Pandora's Box (1992), and by Jared Harris in the Sky/HBO miniseries Chernobyl (2019). no comments yet. He did not hesitate to speak to his fellow scientists and to the press about the safety risks of the destroyed plant and insisted on the immediate evacuation of the entire population of the city of Pripyat nearby. [3][4][5] He attended secondary school in Kursk. Legasov, Çernobil’deki patlamanın ikinci yıl dönümünde kendini astı. [30][33], On 20 September 1996, then-Russian president Boris Yeltsin posthumously conferred on Legasov the honorary title of Hero of the Russian Federation, the country's highest honorary title, for the "courage and heroism" shown in his investigation of the disaster.[34]. valerij alekseevič legasov margarita legasova 25 September 2020 1 0 Do prihoda Legasova 26. aprila je bil ogenj že pogašen, je pa v zrak ušla ogromna količina radioaktivnih snovi, medtem ko je preostanek reaktorja predstavljal skrajno resno grožnjo. [9], He worked[when? [32], Legasov's suicide caused shockwaves in the Soviet nuclear industry. [3] The school now bears his name, and his bronze bust stands at the entrance. Između 1949. i 1954. godine, studirao je u Školi 56 u Moskvi i diplomirao sa zlatnom medaljom. The veteran academician, inorganic chemist Valery Legasov was one of the first to go to Chernobyl during the accident at the nuclear power plant, he suggested that the reactor be filled with a chemical mixture and insisted on the evacuation of the city. After that, he read a candid report on the catastrophe at an IAEA expert conference in Vienna, which saved the USSR from multi-million lawsuits from Europe, which also suffered from a radioactive cloud. Valeri Legasov (în rusă Валерий Алексеевич Легасов; n. 1 septembrie 1936, Tula, RSFS Rusă, URSS – d. 26 aprilie 1988, Moscova, RSFS Rusă, URSS) a fost un proeminent chimist anorganic sovietic și membru al Academiei de Științe a URSS.Este cunoscut în principal pentru activitatea sa în calitate de șef al comisiei care a investigat catastrofa de la Cernobîl. Legasov planned to announce the results of his investigation of Chernobyl In the last years of his life, Legasov suffered from radiation pancreatitis, radiation disease of the 4th degree. [13][14], From 1978 to 1983, he was a professor at the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology. de Valeri Alexeevitch Legassov. In the meantime, lists were submitted for awarding the liquidators of the Chernobyl accident and the General Secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU, Mikhail Gorbachev, personally crossed out the name of Legasov, citing the fact that “other scientists do not advise.” The point was that the academician was sent to Pripyat from the Kurchatov Institute, where the very RBMK-1000 reactor was designed, but no one was interested that Legasov had not yet worked at the institute. On September 1, 86, he was 50 years old and was introduced to the title of Hero of Socialist Labor, but the Minister of Medium Machine-Building spoke against it. But the truth did not please everyone. He confessed to the family that the station did not have enough respirators, clean water, drugs, even iodine for prevention. Myelocytes were found in the blood, it became clear that the bone marrow was affected. 27 kwietnia 1988 w Moskwie) – radziecki chemik, członek Akademii Nauk ZSRR, zastępca dyrektora Instytutu Energii Atomowej im. Legasov nasceu em 1936, em Tula, ao sul de Moscou, em uma família de trabalhadores civis. Legasov was the one who pushed for honesty and evacuation of the town of Pripyat, at a time Soviet officials were trying to cover up the causes of the disaster. First, the Soviet-designed reactor, Bolsho Moshchnosty Kanalny or RMBK, was faulty and unstable and actually banned from use anywhere else besides the Soviet Union. )", "Chernobyl | Chernobyl Accident | Chernobyl Disaster - World Nuclear Association", Comparison with other radioactivity releases, Chernobyl Recovery and Development Programme, State Institution for Radiation Monitoring and Radiation Safety,, Full Members of the USSR Academy of Sciences, Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology faculty, People associated with the Chernobyl disaster, Communist Party of the Soviet Union members, D. Mendeleev University of Chemical Technology of Russia alumni, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing translation from Russian Wikipedia, Articles containing Russian-language text, Articles needing additional references from June 2019, All articles needing additional references, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2019, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Chief of the commission investigating the Chernobyl disaster. On the same day, on May 5, after the meeting of the politburo, the academician again flew to Chernobyl. Thus, he saved his country from multimillion-dollar lawsuits, since the attitude of the IAEA towards the USSR changed after the opening of the veil around a large-scale tragedy. [citation needed], From 1983 until his death, he worked as chair of the department of Radiochemistry and Chemical Technology at the Faculty of Chemistry at Moscow State University. | 1.888.243.3360 | 11300 Resort Drive • Parker, AZ 85344 Management reserves all rights. On 26 April 1988,[23] the day of the second anniversary of the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant accident and one day before he was due to announce his results of the investigation into the causes of the disaster, Legasov hanged himself (some sources say in his apartment[2][24] or the stairwell of his apartment;[25] others in his office[26]). Legassov, nucléariste convaincu, a été membre de la première Commission gouvernementale chargée de la gestion du désastre de Tchernobyl. View entire discussion ( 0 comments) [26] According to an analysis of the recording for the BBC TV movie Chernobyl Nuclear Disaster,[30] Legasov claims political pressure censored the mention of Soviet nuclear secrecy in his report to the IAEA, a secrecy which forbade even plant operators having knowledge of previous accidents and known problems with reactor design. Tal como retrata la ficción, Legasov-subdirector del Instituto de Energía Nuclear Kurchatov- se suicidó ahorcándose dos años y un día después de la trágica explosión del reactor de la central nuclear. On the secret ballot, Legasov was supported by 100 people, 129 opposed. Valery Alekseyevich Legasov was born on September 1, 1936, in Tula, Russian SFSR, into a family of civil workers. After that, only the liquidators remained to work. Valery Alekseyevich Legasov (Russian: Валерий Алексеевич Легасов; 1 September 1936 – 26 April 1988) was a Soviet inorganic chemist and a member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. His wife Margarita Mikhailovna recalled that he was thinner, bald and with dark skin on his body. Scans of Valery Legasov photos from Margarita Legasova's book Part 1. [6][7][8], In 1961, he graduated from the Faculty of Physicochemical Engineering at the Mendeleev Moscow Institute of Chemistry and Technology. [9] Before his suicide, Legasov wrote documents revealing previously undisclosed facts about the catastrophe. This caused the jealousy of colleagues. In particular, the problem with the design of the control rods in Chernobyl-type RBMK reactors was rapidly admitted and addressed. After graduation, she entered the Moscow State Institute of International Relations. Excellent élève et leader de nature, il aurait pu sélectionner n'importe quelle universitégrâce à ses excellentes notes à l'école, mais jette son dévolu sur l'Institut de chimie et de technologie Mendeleïev de Moscou. LIFE BEFORE THE CATASTROPHE PART 2. How do people live in Chernobyl and who helps them? Chernobyl animals after evacuation. Nestudoval proto, aby měl dobré známky, ale protože chtěl ty věci prostě znát," vzpomíná na Legasova jeho učitelka ze základní školy v dokumentu Chernobyl disaster: Valery Legasov's battle (Černobylská katastrofa: Bitva Valerije Legasova), který o něm v roce 2008 natočila ruská televize Russia Today. He was buried at the Novodevichy cemetery in Moscow. Another “knife in the back” from colleagues, with the result that the academician was going through a deep psychological crisis. Participation of Legasov in liquidation of the Chernobyl accident Legasov was included in the government commission sent to Chernobyl after a cipher signal came from the Chernobyl nuclear power plant to the relevant institutes about the situation with nuclear, fire and explosive hazards. [11], Even before the Chernobyl disaster, Legasov was known to stress the need for new security and safety methods to prevent large catastrophes.[17][18]. In 1949–1954, he attended School No. Valeriĭ Legasov : Vysvecheno Chernobylem : istorii︠a︡ Chernobylʹskoĭ katastrofy v zapisi︠a︡kh akademika V.A. Škola sada nosi njegovo ime i njegova bronzana statua stoji na ulazu. He returned home a week later with a hoarse voice, coughing and insomnia. He married Margarita Mikhailovna and had a daughter, Inga Legasova. Après son brillant travail de thèse, Valeri a reçu une offre pour faire un doctorat à l’Institut de l’énergie atomiq… I didn’t wait for Legasov thanks from the top management. He was appointed by the Soviet Government to investigate the Chernobyl disaster less than 24 hours after it occurred. [citation needed] Under his leadership, a scientific school was created in the newest section of inorganic chemistry – chemistry of noble gases. Valery Alekseyevich Legasov was born on September 1, 1936, in Tula, Russian SFSR, into a family of civil workers. N. I. Ryzhkov, Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR 1985- 90 <…> At that time, of course, the main question was whether the reactor was operating or not, whether a reaction was taking place in it or not. Né en 1936 à Toula (à 173 km au sud de Moscou), Valeri choisit très tôt sa voie. [27][28], This was not Legasov's first suicide attempt. Valerij Legasov bol od začiatku presvedčeným komunistom, aj keď na konci skončil ako nepriateľ sovietskeho štátu. The leadership of the Ministry of Medium Machine Building was extremely dissatisfied with the independence of Legasov. Gorbachev personally deleted the name of Legasov from the lists for awarding Home Legasov returned on May 5, that is, almost 10 days spent in Chernobyl. In urgent order, they were taken out of order, and saved many lives.There is no reliable information about what happened in Chernobyl. ID Name Address PhoneOther Page Comment Division; 1: Abbey, Mr F G: 1233 N Central: Douglas 6535-W: 81 : Eight: 2: Abbey, Mrs F G: 1233 N Central: Douglas 6535-W After that, he read a candid report on the catastrophe at an […] By the time of the Chernobyl disaster on 26 April 1986, Legasov was the first deputy director of the Kurchatov Institute of Atomic Energy. [15], In 1981, he became a full member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, in the Department of Physical Chemistry and Technology of Inorganic Materials. On the second anniversary of the Chernobyl disaster, April 27, 88, Legasov was found hanged in his home office. Academician Legasov was working in those days at a crash site. share. There were 2 volumes of materials. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. Thus, he became a lawyer of the USSR, who for 5 hours truthfully and openly told 500 experts about the disaster. [12], In 1976, he was elected a corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. As a result, he was presented only with a name watch “Glory”. In the fall of ’87, he took a large dose of sleeping pills when he was in the hospital, but his stomach was washed in time. In fact, the boiler was “silent”, the reaction stopped, but the burning of reactor graphite, of which there were as many as 2 thousand 500 tons, was going on. The last tape was recorded with Ales Adamovich as an interview for an article. A personal pistol remained in a drawer, but the professor chose to hang himself. [15] In 1983,[15] he became the first Deputy Director for scientific work of the Kurchatov Institute of Atomic Energy. Ce témoignage du physicien Valeri Alexeevitch Legassov, membre de l'Académie des sciences d'URSS, est paru le 20 mai 1988 dans La Pravda. He took many important actions to avoid repeat accidents and informed the government of the situation in the disaster area. hide. « Valéri Legassov né en 1936. Valerij Alekseevič Legasov C’è un albero per ogni uomo che ha scelto il bene. Winning particular attention in the miniseries is … Photo. Qu'ils soient scientifiques moscovites ou pompiers ukrainiens, tous les personnages de Chernobyl s'expriment en anglais, sont joués par des acteurs anglophones, souvent britanniques, et ne tentent pas non plus de reproduire l'accent russe. Valery legasov was a nuclear physicist. Born into a family of famous scientists. - Об авариии на Чернобыльской АЭС", "OBITUARIES : Valery A. Legasov, 51; Chernobyl Investigator", "Legasov suicide leaves unanswered questions", "Scientist who exposed true extent of Chernobyl disaster killed himself a day after second anniversary (As the Deputy Director of Kurchatov Institute of Atomic Energy in Moscow, Valery Legasov received a distress call on 26 April 1986, asking him to head to Chernobyl. Academician became a USSR attorney at a special meeting of the IAEA in Vienna Legasov was not ambitious, so he was not upset by the cancellation of the award, and in August 1986 he went to a special meeting of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in Vienna to explain to the world experts the Chernobyl accident. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. Life before the Chernobyl disaster. El 1961 es va graduar a la Facultat d'Enginyeria Física-Química de la Universitat de Tecnologia Química Dmitri Mendeléiev de Rússia , i anà a treballar durant un any i mig com a enginyer químic a una planta de Sibèria, a la ciutat de Tomsk-7 . However, in gratitude, Legasov received the envy of his colleagues and the disapproval of top management, who did not like the truth about the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, writes Moskovsky Komsomolets. 1 0 obj Ve stálých brýle s kostěnými obroučkami, s knihou v ruce. 10 years after the accident, Legasov was posthumously awarded the title of Hero of Russia, but for his family it became a heavy consolation, since the academician paid for his own mistakes for others. Log in or sign up to leave a comment log in sign up. ... supo explicar Inga Legasova, su hija. Helicopters dropped over 5 thousand tons of various materials onto the reactor. Although the horrifying 1986 nuclear plant explosion at Chernobyl has never disappeared from the news cycle, the rave reviews that the 2019 HBO miniseries Chernobyl is garnering bring the disaster firmly to the fore. save. The school now bears his name, and his bronze bust stands at the entrance. Her father is Valery Alexeevich Legasov, Soviet inorganic chemist, full member of the USSR Academy of Sciences (1981), Hero of the Russian Federation (1996). ... Margarita, con el diario ruso Trud. [3] The school now bears his name, and his bronze bust stands at the entrance. [11][7] In 1967,[citation needed] he defended his thesis at the Kurchatov Institute, under the supervisor Isaac Kikoin, on the synthesis of compounds of noble gases and the study of their properties[citation needed]. Studied at school No. Inga Legasova is on Facebook. There were also those who demanded that the academician be brought to criminal responsibility for allegedly disclosing secret data. “The system and the flock that protected it broke it,” said Yuri Ustynyuk, a professor at Moscow State University named after Lomonosov. )", "Scientist who exposed true extent of Chernobyl disaster killed himself a day after second anniversary (As the Deputy Director of Kurchatov Institute of Atomic Energy in Moscow, Valery Legasov received a distress call on April 26, 1986, asking him to head to Chernobyl. He married Margarita Mikhailovna and had a daughter, Inga Legasova. Join Facebook to connect with Inga Legasova and others you may know. It was determined by Legasov’s team that the disaster at Chernobyl was caused by multiple factors. His life was never the same. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); The veteran academician, inorganic chemist Valery Legasov was one of the first to go to Chernobyl during the accident at the nuclear power plant, he suggested that the reactor be filled with a chemical mixture and insisted on the evacuation of the city. Some reports noted that experts had even cautioned the Soviet government on the use of this … Be the first to share what you think! [19] He became a key member of the government commission formed to investigate the causes of the disaster and to plan the mitigation of its consequences. Mais la précision dans la reconstitution de la vie des habita… Deputy Director of the Kurchatov Institute of Atomic Energy in 1988, Academician Feoktistov said that there was no direct culprit for his death, but there were people who brought him to death. Valeri Legassov (vene keeles Валерий Алексеевич Легасов; 1. september 1936 Tula – 27. aprill 1988 Moskva) oli nõukogude liidu keemik (anorgaaniline keemia), NSV Liidu Teaduste Akadeemia akadeemik.. Ta lõpetas D. I. Mendelejevi nimelise Moskva Keemiatehnoloogilise Instituudi.

Bronze Valerij Legasov stojící na verandě školy moskevské №56, kterou akademik kterou absolvoval v roce 1954 zlatou medaili. ]as secretary of the Komsomol Committee of the Moscow Institute of Chemical Technology. Academician personally watched this, being on board the turntables. 56 in Moscow and graduated with a gold medal. İntiharı, gerek Sovyet Rusya'da gerek dünyada Legasov’un tahmin ettiği etkiyi yaratmış ve RBMK reaktörleriyle ilgili yasa bir an evvel çıkarılarak olası bir başka facianın önüne geçilmişti. A Google ingyenes szolgáltatása azonnal lefordítja a szavakat, kifejezéseket és weboldalakat a magyar és több mint 100 további nyelv kombinációjában. The fingers of the left hand were taken away from the academician; his right hand and foot were numb. His life was never the same. As forty first year, but still in the worst variant. He flew over the reactor 5-6 times a day and forgot about his own safety: the dosimeter was often left in the locker room, and he didn’t use X-rays. Es va casar amb Margarita Mihalovna i va tenir una filla, Inga Legásova. Why were the liquidators of Chernobyl accident buried in lead coffins? report. He attended secondary school in Kursk. Thanks to Legasov, it has been possible to determine how it has been reacted to. In fact, it was 2500 tons, it was going to. 0 comments. Valeri Legassov. [4] Must be 21 or older to gamble. To prevent further heating of the reactor residues and reduce the emission of radiation into the atmosphere, Legasov suggested throwing the reactor zone with a mixture of boron-containing substances, lead and dolomitic clay. [29] David R. Marples has suggested that the adversity of the Chernobyl disaster on Legasov's psychological state was the factor that led to his decision to die by suicide. Fire department of Pripyat, firefighters heroes were among the first to go on a nuclear fire, The ghost town of Pripyat, as nature absorbs the former atomic city, Pripyat and the inhabitants. It is not clear about the situation in the Soviet Union. It is known that on the second day he had to tell about his own investigation of the causes of the Chernobyl accident, but some of his records were erased after his death. He is now mainly remembered for his work as the chief of the commission investigating the Chernobyl disaster. [citation needed], In 1962, he joined the graduate school in the Department of Molecular Physics of the Kurchatov Institute of Atomic Energy,[10]:261 first as a junior then senior researcher, and finally as head of the laboratory. Valerij Alexejevič Legasov (rusky Валерий Алексеевич Легасов; 1. září 1936 v Tule, Sovětský svaz – 26. dubna 1988 v Moskvě) byl sovětský vědec v oboru anorganické chemie, člen Akademie věd Sovětského svazu.Známý je především díky své funkci vedoucího vyšetřovací komise černobylské havárie z 26. dubna 1986. Un choix décrié par certains spectateurs qui auraient préféré des acteurs russophones. Legasov worked without rest, often not paying attention to the dosimeter, a device that measures dose uptake of external ionizing radiation. [31] The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists also stated that Legasov had become bitterly disillusioned with the failure of the authorities to confront the design flaws. Why pregnant women from Pripyat were forced to have abortions at any time, Death Chernobyl love – Lyudmila and Vasily Ignatenko. 2 It was also Legasov who convinced Boris Scherbin, the head of the government commission, to evacuate the residents of Chernobyl and Pripyat in the next 24 hours. Part 1, PRIPYAT AND THE INHABITANTS. Thanks to the efforts of Legasov, it was possible to establish that the readings of the neutron sensors on the ongoing nuclear reaction were unreliable, since they reacted to the most powerful gamma radiation. Zdálo se, že ví všechno. 100% Upvoted. [3] [4] [5] He attended secondary school in Kursk. He fearlessly and selflessly explored the scene of the accident: he flew by helicopter to the 4th block, from which the light was coming, and pulled up close to the armored personnel carrier to the rubble to make the necessary measurements. Legasov je rođen u Tuli u porodici civilnih radnika 1. septembra 1936. godine. His report displayed a depth of analysis and honesty in discussing the extent and consequences of the tragedy. The case of Chernobyl chief investigator Valery Legasov is to this day mysterious and unsettling. Possessing official corrosiveness and fearlessness. El matrimonio tenía una hija, Inga. 1/20. Jeho oddaná komunistická myseľ mu zabezpečila rýchly kariérny rast v Kurčatovovom inštitúte, kde bol zamestnaný ako vedec. [20] Legasov recorded five audio tapes[21][22] where he expressed his point of view on events that happened in Chernobyl. Photo by liquidators. He was envied that he became popular in Europe, entered the top ten best scientists in the world, and academic Alexandrov wanted to make him his successor. Ta kaitses aastal 1967 keemiakandidaadi kraadi ja aastal 1972 keemiadoktori kraadi. [16], Legasov studied methods for the synthesis and the properties of new compounds with elements in high oxidation states; nuclear and plasma technology; energy-saving technology, and hydrogen energy. Soviet chemist, chief of the Chernobyl disaster investigation commission, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, D. Mendeleev University of Chemical Technology of Russia, Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Mendeleev Moscow Institute of Chemistry and Technology, Nuclear and radiation accidents and incidents, Midnight in Chernobyl: The Untold Story of the World's Greatest Nuclear Disaster, "Chemist, investigator of Chernobyl nuclear accident dies at 51", "Как убивали академика Легасова, который провел собственное расследование Чернобыльской катастрофы", "Valery Legasov: 5 Fast Facts You Need to Know", "Who was Valery Legasov, the Soviet scientist that saved the world from Chernobyl? Aj napriek tomu, že ho seriál od HBO vykresľuje najmä ako jadrového fyzika, Legasov bol chemik a poslušne slúžil Sovietskeho zväzu. Srednju školu završio je u Kursku. At work Legasov began to “poison”. From Margarita Legasova’s book “Academician Valery Alekseevich Legasov” We trusted Legasov. This page was last edited on 20 February 2021, at 01:16. [3] In 1949–1954, he attended School No. [3] In 1949–1954, he attended School No. While the Soviet Union delayed … Legasova i v sovremennoĭ interpretat︠s︡ii by S. M Solovʹev ... Valeri Legasov químico nuclear soviético, jefe de la comisión que investiga el desastre de Chernobyl. 57 in Moscow. According to the official version – he committed suicide in a state of depression. Sort by. From Margarita Legasova’s book “Academician Valery Alekseevich Legasov” From the memories of Nikolai Timofeevich Antoshkin, Colonel General, Hero of the Soviet Union, participant in the liquidation of the consequences of the accident at the 4th Unit of … see full image. (By the report by Nikolai Ryzhkov, bypassing Minsredmash.) It was necessary to prevent emissions of radioactive aerosols into the atmosphere. In his tape recordings, Legasov dictated: “At the station, such unavailability, such disorder, such fright. In August 1986, he presented the report of the Soviet delegation at the special meeting of International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in Vienna.